It is first available after receiving the quest "Defibrillator Upgrade" from Antonin Kvasir. It is inhabited by mutants at first, but later the Authority troops are found there during the quest "Lost Research Data". After completing this quest, the Dead City Central and Dead City in general are no longer accessible.
Should one choose to return here upon completion of the quest "Defibrillator Upgrade," the area will be repopulated with grunt mutants and mutant loot caches, thereby providing an ample source of crafting ingredients and ammunition.
Easter Egg Edit
A Duke Nukem 3D reference can be found here. A female abductee statue is located by the pillar to the immediate left when facing away from the doors to Dead City Streets.